Chemical reactions are thermodynamically favored interactions between the reactants species to lớn size stable products. Let us discuss the chemical reactivity of H_{2}SO_{4} and NaCl.

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**Concentrated H _{2}SO_{4} is a strong dehydrating agent which works as to lớn remove water molecules dehydrating the overall reaction. Sodium chloride is an ionic compound working as common salt. When H_{2}SO_{4} reacts with NaCl hygroscopic nature of sulphuric acid causes oxidation of a species.**

The reactivity of H_{2}SO_{4} and NaCl is investigated to lớn evaluate their plausible potential in industrial manufacturing. Moreover, the species can be further explored for other chemical reactivities as given below.

**What is the product of H**_{2}SO_{4} and NaCl?

_{2}SO

_{4}and NaCl?

**Sodium sulphate and hydrogen chloride gas** **are formed in the reaction of** **H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl**.

**H _{2}SO_{4} + 2NaCl = Na_{2}SO_{4} + 2HCl**

**What type of reaction is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is a substitution reaction where new compounds are formed by substituting their position in the respective reactant.**

**How to lớn balance H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl?

**The reaction is balanced using the following steps**

**H _{2}SO_{4} + 2NaCl = Na_{2}SO_{4} + 2HCl**

**Each reactant and product in the equation is labeled with a variable (A, B, C, and D) to lớn represent unknown coefficients.****A H**_{2}SO_{4}+ B NaCl = C Na_{2}SO_{4 }+ D HCl**Now, the equation is solved by an appropriate number, considered to lớn be the coefficient of reactants and products.****Na = A = 2C, Cl = A = D, H = 2B = D, S = B = C, O = 4B = 4C****All the variables and coefficients are calculated by the Gauss elimination method, and lastly, we get****A = 2, B = 1, C = 1, and D = 2****So, the overall balanced equation is,****H**_{2}SO_{4}+ 2NaCl = Na_{2}SO_{4}+ 2HCl

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl titration

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl titration

**Titration is not possible in case of H_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl**

**because there is salt (NaCl) involved which can not be titrated.**

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl net ionic equation

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl net ionic equation

**The net ionic equation of H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is**

**NaCl (s) + H _{2}SO_{4} (l) = NaHSO_{4} (s) + HCl (l)**

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**The following steps are used to lớn derive the net ionic equation:**

**Firstly, write the balanced chemical equation and represent the physical states of reactants and products****H**_{2}SO_{4}(aq) + 2NaCl (aq) = Na_{2}SO_{4}(aq) + 2HCl (aq)**Now, strong acids, bases and salts dissociate into ions whereas pure solid substances and molecules vì thế not dissociate****Thus the net ionic equation is****NaCl (s) + H**_{2}SO_{4}(l) = NaHSO_{4}(s) + HCl (l)

**H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl conjugate pairs

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl conjugate pairs

**Conjugate base of H**_{2}SO_{4}exist as HSO_{4}^{–}**NaCl vì thế not size conjugate pair because it is a salt.**

**H**_{2}SO_{4} and NaCl intermolecular forces

_{2}SO

_{4}and NaCl intermolecular forces

**Strong hydrogen bonding, cầu xin der Waals dispersion forces, and dipole-dipole interactions are present between H**_{2}SO_{4}molecules.**Ion-ion intermolecular forces exist between NaCl molecules.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl a buffer solution?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl a buffer solution?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl vì thế not size a buffer solution as strong acids i.e., H_{2}SO_{4} vì thế not size a buffer.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl a complete reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl a complete reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is a complete reaction as products formed NaHSO_{4} and HCl are stable.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl an exothermic or endothermic reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl an exothermic or endothermic reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is considered to lớn be an exothermic reaction because the addition of sulphuric acid leads to lớn the liberation of heat.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl a redox reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl a redox reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is not a redox reaction because only oxidation of NaCl takes place in this reaction.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl a precipitation reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl a precipitation reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is not a precipitation reaction, as no precipitates are observed at the over of the reactions.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl reversible or irreversible reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl reversible or irreversible reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is irreversible reaction because the formed products cannot convert back into the original reactants.**

**Is H**_{2}SO_{4} + NaCl displacement reaction?

_{2}SO

_{4}+ NaCl displacement reaction?

**H _{2}SO_{4} + NaCl is a double displacement reaction as a double displacement of molecules from the reactants is observed.**

**Conclusions**

The reaction of sulphuric acid with sodium chloride is important in various industrial applications. The reactions, in particular, are a source of major sodium and chlorine-related compounds and further syntheses. Both reactant species play significant roles in industries related to lớn dyes, leather, rubber, or cosmetics.

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